新概念英语第三册第60课课文和听力:Too early and too late 太早和太晚

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Lesson 60
Too early and too late
太早和太晚
Listen to the tape then answer the question below.
听录音,然后回答以下问题。
Why did the young girl miss the train?
Punctuality is a necessary habit in all public affairs in civilized society. Without it, nothing could ever be brought to a conclusion; everything would be in state of chaos. Only in a sparsely-populated rural community is it possible to disregard it. In ordinary living, there can be some tolerance of unpunctuality. The intellectual, who is working on some abstruse problem, has everything coordinated and organized for the matter in hand. He is therefore forgiven if late for a dinner party. But people are often reproached for unpunctuality when their only fault is cutting things fine. It is hard for energetic, quick-minded people to waste time, so they are often tempted to finish a job before setting out to keep an appointment. If no accidents occur on the way, like punctured tires, diversions of traffic, sudden descent of fog, they will be on time. They are often more industrious, useful citizens than those who are never late. The over-punctual can be as much a trial to others as the unpunctual. The guest who arrives half an hour too soon is the greatest nuisance. Some friends of my family had this irritating habit. The only thing to do was ask them to come half an hour later than the other guests. Then they arrived just when we wanted them.
If you are citing a train, it is always better to be comfortably early than even a fraction of a minted too late. Although being early may mean wasting a little time, this will be less than if you miss the train and have to wait an hour or more for the next one; and you avoid the frustration of arriving at the very moment when the train is drawing out of the station and being unable to get on it. An even harder situation is to be on the platform in good time for a train and still to see it go off without you. Such an experience befell a certain young girl the first time she was traveling alone.
She entered the station twenty minutes before the train was due, since her parents had impressed upon her that it would be unforgivable to miss it and cause the friends with whom she was going to stay to make two journeys to meet her. She gave her luggage to a porter and showed him her ticket. To her horror he said that she was two hours too soon. She felt inhere handbag for the piece of paper on which her father had written down al the details of the journey and gave it to the porter. He agreed that a train did come into the station at the time on the paper and that it did stop, but only to take on mail, not passengers. The girl asked to see a timetable, feeling sure that her father could not have made such a mistake. The porter went to fetch one and arrive back with the station master, who produced it with a flourish and pointed out a microscopic 'o' beside the time of the arrival of the train at his station; this little 'o' indicated that the train only stopped for mail. Just as that moment the train came into the station. The girl, tears streaming down her face, begged to be allowed to slip into the guard's van. But the station master was adamant: rules could not be broken and she had to watch that train disappear towards her destination while she was left behind.
New words and expressions 生词和短语
punctuality
n. 准时
rural
adv. 农村的
disregard
v. 不顾,无视
intellectual
n. 知识分子
abstruse
adj. 深奥的
coordinate
v. 协调
reproach
v. 责备
puncture
v. 刺破(轮胎)
diversion
n. 改道,绕道
trial
n. 讨厌的事,人
fraction
n. 很小一点儿
flourish
n. 挥舞(打手劳)
microscopic
adj. 微小的
adamant

adj. 坚定的,不动摇的


第一段词汇解析

①a state of chaos = a condition of complete disorder and confusion。

②sparsely-populated = with not many people living there。

③disregard = ignore。

④原文可视为 if he is late for a dinner party。

⑤reproached = criticized, scolded。

⑥setting out = leaving the house。

⑦diversions = moving to a different route(due to an accident, for example)。

⑧industrious = busy, productive, hard-working。

 

第二段词汇解析

①该句首先是一个 although 引导的让步状语从句,接着是 if 引导的条件状语从句,最后是 when 引导的定语从句修饰 the very moment。

   

第三段词汇解析

①该句中,有一个 before…due 的时间状语从句,还有一个 since…her 的原因状语从句,在原因状语从句中,含有一个 that 引导的从句作 had impressed 的宾语,该宾语从句中还有一个 with…stay 的定语从句修饰 friends。

②she was left behind 在这里指的是把小姑娘撇下了,没有带上她,但在翻译的处理过程中,为了符合汉语的表达习惯,我们译成了孤零零地,也即表达了被火车撇下之意。

③destination = the place she wanted to go to。

 

Notes 学习笔记

词组归纳

1.public affair

2.bring to a conclusion

3.in ordinary living

4.in hand

5.reproach for

6.cut things fine

7.waste time

8.set out

9.keep an appointment

10.on time

11.The only thing to do is

12.catch a train

13.a fraction of

14.less than

15.miss the train

16.draw out of

17.get on

18.go off

19.impress upon

20.to sb.’s horror

21.write down

22.come into the station

23.at the time

24.take on

25.feel sure that

26.station master

27.stream down

28.slip into


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