新概念英语第三册第45课课文和听力:The power of the press

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Lesson 45 The power of the press 新闻报道的威力
Listen to the tape then answer the question below.
听录音,然后回答以下问题。
Does the writer think the parents where lucky or unlucky to gain prosperity in this way? Why?
In democratic countries any efforts to restrict the freedom of the press are rightly condemned. However, this freedom can easily be abused. Stories about people often attract far more public attention than political events. Though we may enjoy reading about the lives of others, it is extremely doubtful whether we would equally enjoy reading about ourselves. Acting on the contention that facts are sacred, reporters can cause untold suffering to individuals by publishing details about their private lives. Newspapers exert such tremendous influence that they can not only bring about major changes to the lives of ordinary people but can even overthrow a government.
The story of a poor family that acquired fame and fortune overnight, dramatically illustrates the power of the press. The family lived in Aberdeen, a small town of 23,000 inhabitants in South Dakota. As the parents had five children, life was a perpetual struggle against poverty. They were expecting their sixth child and were faced with even more pressing economic problems. If they had only had one more child, the fact would have passed unnoticed. They would have continued to struggle against economic odds and would have lived in obscurity. But they suddenly became the parents of quintuplets, an aeroplane arrived in Aberdeen bringing sixty reporters and photographers.

The rise to fame was swift. Television cameras and newspapers carried the news to everyone in the country. Newspapers and magazines offered the family huge sums for the exclusive rights to publish stories and photographs. Gifts poured in not only from unknown people, but room baby food and soap manufacturers who wished to advertise their products. The old farmhouse the family lived in was to be replaced by new $500,000 home. Reporters kept pressing for interviews so lawyers had to be employed to act as spokesmen for the family at press conferences. While the five babies were babies were still quietly sleeping in oxygen tents in hospital nursery, their parents were paying the price for fame. It would never again be possible for them to lead normal lives. They had become the victims of commercialization, for their names had acquired a market value. Instead of being five new family members, these children had immediately become a commodity.
New words and expressions 生词和短语
democratic
adj. 民主的
restrict
v. 限制
abuse
v. 滥用
contention
n. 论点
untold
adj. 数不尽
South Dakota
南达科他州(美国)
perpetual
adj. 永久的
quintuplet
n. 五胞胎之一
obscurity
n. 默默无闻
radically
adv. 彻底地,完全地
exclusive
adj. 独占的,独家的
nursery
n. 育婴室,保育室
commercialization
n. 商品化
commodity

n. 商品


第一段词汇解析

①restrict = keep within limits, control。

②equally = in the same way, just as much。

③contention = assertion, argument。

④untold = indescribable。

 

第二段词汇解析

①acquired = got, gained。

②perpetual struggle = continual fight。

③in obscurity = in a state of not being famous or well known。

   

第三段词汇解析

①exclusive rights = rights only available to a certain person。

 

Notes 学习笔记

词组归纳

1.public attention

2.acting on sth.

3.private lives

4.exert influence

5.bring about

6.live in

7.struggle against

8.be faced with

9.in obscurity

10.rise to fame

11.pour in

12.to be replaced by

13.press for

14.act as

15.press conference

16.oxygen tent

17.pay the price for

18.the victim of

19.market value

20.instead of

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