新概念英语第三册第44课课文和听力:Speed and comfort又快捷又舒适

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Lesson 44Speed and comfort又快捷又舒适
Listen to the tape then answer the question below.
听录音,然后回答以下问题。
Which type of transport does the writer prefer, do you think?
People travelling long distances frequently have to decide whether they would prefer to go by land, sea, or air. Hardly anyone can positively enjoy sitting in a train for more than a few hours. Train compartments soon get cramped and stuffy. It is almost impossible to take your mind off the journey. Reading is only a partial solution, for the monotonous rhythm of the wheels clicking on the rails soon lulls you to sleep. During the day, sleep comes in snatches. At night, when you really wish to go to sleep, you rarely manage to do so. If you are lucky enough to get a sleeper, you spend half the night staring at the small blue light in the ceiling, or fumbling to find you ticket for inspection. Inevitably you arrive at your destination almost exhausted. Long car journeys are even less pleasant, for it is quite impossible even to read. On motorways you can, at least, travel fairly safely at high speeds, but more often than not, the greater part of the journey is spent on roads with few service stations and too much traffic. By comparison, ferry trips or cruises offer a great variety of civilized comforts. You can stretch your legs on the spacious decks, play games, meet interesting people and enjoy good food -- always assuming, of course, that the sea is calm. If it is not, and you are likely to get seasick, no form of transport could be worse. Even if you travel in ideal weather, sea journeys take a long time. Relatively few people are prepared to sacrifice holiday time for the pleasure of travlling by sea.

Aeroplanes have the reputation of being dangerous and even hardened travellers are intimidated by them. They also have the disadvantage of being an expensive form of transport. But nothing can match them for speed and comfort. Travelling at a height of 30,000 feet, far above the clouds, and at over 500 miles an hour is an exhilarating experience. You do not have to devise ways of taking your mind off the journey, for an aeroplane gets you to your destination rapidly. For a few hours, you settle back in a deep armchair to enjoy the flight. The real escapist can watch a film and sip champagne on some services. But even when such refinements are not available, there is plenty to keep you occupied. An aeroplane offers you an unusual and breathtaking view of the world. You soar effortlessly over high mountains and deep valleys. You really see the shape of the land. If the landscape is hidden from view, you can enjoy the extraordinary sight of unbroken cloud plains that stretch out for miles before you, while the sun shines brilliantly in a clear sky. The journey is so smooth that there is nothing to prevent you from reading or sleeping. However you decide to spend your time, one thing is certain: you will arrive at your destination fresh and uncrumpled. You will not have to spend the next few days recovering from a long and arduous journey.
New words and expressions 生词和短语
positively
adv. 绝对地,完全地
compartment
n. 列车客车厢内的分隔间(或单间)
cramped
adj. 窄小的
stuffy
adj. 憋气的,闷气的
monotonous
adj. 枯燥的,乏味的
rhythm
n. 有节奏的运动
click
v. 发出咔哒声
lull
v. 催人欲睡

snatch
n. 短时,片段
sleeper
n. 卧铺
fumble
v. 乱摸,摸索
inspection
n. 检查
inevitably
adv. 必然地,不可避免地
destination
n. 目的地
exhaust
v. 使精疲力尽
motorway
n. 快车道
ferry
n. 渡船
cruise
n. 巡游船
civilize
v. 使文明
spacious
adj. 宽敞的
seasick
adj. 晕船的
intimidate
v. 恐吓,恫吓
disadvantage
n. 短处,缺点
exhilarating
adj. 使人高兴的,令人兴奋的
escapist
n. 逍遥者
sip
v. 呷,啜
champagne
n. 香槟洒
refinement
n. 精心的安排
breathtaking
adj.激动人心的;不寻常的
soar
v. 高飞,翱翔
effortlessly
adv. 不费力地
landscape
n. 景色
fresh
adj. 精神饱满的
uncrumpled

adj. 没有垮下来

第一段词汇解析

①此状语(不是从句)中有一个 that 引导的宾语从句作 assuming 的宾语, of course

是插入语。

②cramped and stuffy = very crowded and with warm stale air (from body heat)。

③monotonous = regular, tiring and with an uninteresting lack of variety。

④lulls = makes…sleep。

⑤in snatches = from time to time。

⑥destination = the place you are travelling to。

⑦stretch your legs = get some exercise。

⑧sacrifice = give up or lose。

 

第二段词汇解析

①escapist,逃避现实者,这里是引申义。

②arduous = laborious。

 

Notes 学习笔记

词组归纳

1.prefer to

2.more than

3.get cramped

4.take your mind off sth.

5.lull sb. to sleep

6.in snatches

7.go to sleep

8.manage to do sth.

9.star at

10.for inspection

11.more often than not

12.service station

13.by comparison

14.a great variety of

15.stretch your legs

16.the pleasure of

17.nothing can match

18.settle back

19.cloud plains

20.stretch out

21.prevent from

22.recover from

顶一下

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