新概念英语第三册第35课课文和听力:Justice was done伸张正义

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Lesson 35 Justice was done 伸张正义
Listen to the tape then answer the question below.
听录音,然后回答以下问题。
The word 'justice' is given two different meanings in the text. What is the distinction between them?
The word justice is usually associated with courts of law. We might say that justice has been done when a man's innocence or guilt has been proved beyond doubt. Justice is part of the complex machinery of the law. Those who seek it undertake an arduous journey and can never be sure that they will find it. Judges, however wise or eminent, are human and can make mistakes.
There are rare instances when justice almost ceases to be an abstract concept. Reward or punishment are meted out quite independent of human interference. At such times, justice acts like a living force. When we use a phrase like 'it serves him right', we are, in part, admitting that a certain set of circumstances has enabled justice to act of its own accord.
When a thief was caught on the premises of large jewellery store on morning, the shop assistants must have found it impossible to resist the temptation to say 'it serves him right.' The shop was an old converted house with many large, disused fireplaces and tall, narrow chimneys. Towards midday, a girl heard a muffed cry coming from behind on of the walls. As the cry was repeated several times, she ran to tell the manager who promptly rang up the fire brigade. The cry had certainly come form one of the chimneys, but as there were so many of them, the fire fighters could not be certain which one it was. They located the right chimney by tapping at the walls and listening for the man's cries. After chipping through a wall which was eighteen inches thick, they found that a man had been trapped in the chimney. As it was extremely narrow, the man was unable to move, but the fire fighters were eventually able to free him by cutting a huge hole in the wall. The sorry-looking, blackened figure that emerged, admitted at once that he had tried to break into the shop during the night but had got stuck in the chimney. He had been there for nearly ten hours. Justice had been done even before the man was handed over to the police.

New words and expressions 生词和短语
justice
n. 正义,公正;司法
court
n. 法院
law
n. 法律
innocence
n. 无辜
undertake
v. 承担;着手做
arduous
adj. 艰苦的,艰难的
abstract
adj. 抽象的
concept
n. 概念,观念
mete out
给予,处置
interference
n. 干涉
accord
n. 一致
premises
n. 房屋
convert
v. 转变,改变
disused
adj. 不再用的,废弃的
fireplace
n. 壁炉
muffle
v. 捂住,厌抑
chip
v. 砍,削,凿
blacken
v. 使变黑
emerge

v. (从某处)出现


第一段词汇解析

①seek = look for。

②arduous = hard, difficult。

③eminent = famous and admired。

 

第二段词汇解析

①instances = cases, examples。

②ceases = stops。

③independent of = not connected with。

④of its own accord = independently, without being asked or told。

 

第三段词汇解析

①premise = given, postulate。

②handed over = delivered, turned in。

 

Notes 学习笔记

词组归纳

1.be associated with

2.court of law

3.beyond doubt

4.be meted out

5.living force

6.it serves sb. right

7.in part

8.a certain set of

9.of sth.’s own accord

10.on the premises

11.resist the temptation

12.ring up

13.chip through

14.break into

15.get stuck

16.hand over

顶一下

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