新概念英语第三册第21课课文和听力:Daniel Mendoza丹尼尔.门多萨

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Lesson 21 Daniel Mendoza 丹尼尔.门多萨
Listen to the tape then answer the question below.
听录音,然后回答以下问题。
How many unsuccessful attempts did Mendoza make before becoming Champion of all England?
Boxing matches were very popular in England two hundred years ago. In those days, boxers fought with bare fists for prize money. Because of this, they were known as 'prizefighters'. However, boxing was very crude, for these were no rules and a prizefighter could be seriously injured or even killed during a match.
One of the most colourful figures in boxing history was Daniel Mendoza, who was born in 1764. The use of gloves was not introduced until 1860, when the Marquis of Queensberry drew up the first set of rules. Though he was technically a prizefighter, Mendoza did much to change crude prizefighting into a sport, for he brought science to the game. In his day, Mendoza enjoyed tremendous popularity. He was adored by rich and poor alike.
Mendoza rose to fame swiftly after a boxing match when he was only fourteen years old. This attracted the attention of Richard Humphries who was then the most eminent boxer in England. He offered to train Mendoza and his young pupil was quick to learn. In fact, Mendoza soon became so successful that Humphries turned against him. The two men quarrelled bitterly and it was clear that the argument could only be settled by a fight. A match was held at Stilton, where both men fought for an hour. The public bet a great deal of money on Mendoza, but he was defeated. Mendoza met Humphries in the ring on a later occasion and he lost for a second time. It was not until his third match in 1790 that he finally beat Humphries and became Champion of England. Meanwhile, he founded a highly successful Academy and even Lord Byron became one of his pupils. He earned enormous sums of money and was paid as much as $100 for a single appear one of his pupils. He earned enormous sums of money and was paid as much as $100 for a single appearance. Despite this, he was so extravagant that he was always in debt. After he was defeated by a boxer called Gentleman Jackson, he was quickly forgotten. He was sent to prison for failing to pay his debts and died in poverty in 1836.

New words and expressions 生词和短语
Boxing
n. 拳击
boxer
n. 拳击手
bare
adj. 赤裸的
prizefighter
n. 职业拳击手(尤指古时赤手拳击手)
crude
adj. 粗野的
marquis
n. 侯爵
technically
adv. 严格根据法律意义地
science
n. 科学
popularity
n. 名望
adore
v. 崇拜,爱戴
alike
adv. 一样地
fame
n. 名声
eminent
adj. 著名的,杰出的
bitterly
adv. 厉害地
bet
v. 打赌
academy
n. 专业学校
extravagant
adj. 浪费的,奢移的
poverty

n. 贫困


第一段词汇解析

①bare = without gloves。②injured = hurt(phyically)。

 

第二段词汇解析

①drew up = prepared and wrote。

②crude = basic, rough, not very skilful。

③enjoyed tremendous popularity = was extremely popular。

④adored = loved and respected。

⑤alike = (rich) and/as well as(poor), both(rich and poor) in the same way。

 

第三段词汇解析

①rose to fame = became famous。

②turned against = betrayed。

③in the ring = in the

boxing ring; meet sb. in the ring,在圈内较量,这个圈子指的就是拳击场。

④It was…that,在这里是强调句,后文中 it is that 作强调句型的时候均不标记。

 

Notes 学习笔记

词组归纳

1.fight with bare fists

2.be known as

3.draw up

4.enjoy popularity

5.rich and poor

6.rise to fame

7.be quick to

8.turn against

9.in debt

10.be sent to prison

11.in poverty

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