新概念英语第三册第4课课文和听力:The double life of Alfred Bloggs阿尔弗雷德.布洛格斯的双重生活

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Lesson 4 The double life of Alfred Bloggs 阿尔弗雷德.布洛格斯的双重生活
Listen to the tape then answer the question below.
听录音,然后回答以下问题。
Why did Alf want a white-collar job?
These days, people who do manual work often receive far more money than people who work in offices. People who work in offices are frequently referred to as "white-collar workers' for the simple reason that they usually wear a collar and tie to go to work. Such is human nature, that a great many people are often willing to sacrifice higher pay for the privilege of becoming white-collar workers. This can give rise to curious situations, as it did in the case of Alfred Bloggs who worked as a dustman for the Ellesmere Corporation.
When he got married, Alf was too embarrassed to say anything to his wife about his job. He simply told her that he worked for the Corporation. Every morning, he left home dressed in a smart black suit. He then changed into overalls and spent the next eight hours as a dustman. Before returning home at night. He took a shower and changed back into his suit. Alf did this for over two years and his fellow dustmen kept his secret Alf's wife has never discovered that she married a dustman and she never will, for Alf has just found another job. He will soon be working in an office. He will be earning only half as much as he used to, but he feels that his rise in status is well worth the loss of money. From now on, he will wear a suit all day and others will call him 'Mr. Bloggs', not 'Alf'.

New words and expressions 生词和短语
manual
adj. 体力的
collar
n. 衣领
sacrifice
v. 牺牲,献出
privilege
n. 好处
dustman
n. 清洁工
corporation
n. 公司
overalls
n. 工作服
shower
n. 淋浴
secret
n. 秘密
status

n. 地位

第一段词汇解析

①receive = get

②sacrifice = give up

③privilege = special advantage, honour

④give rise to = lead to, cause,引起、惹起

⑤curious = strange

⑥such 是形式主语, that引导主语从句作真正的主语

⑦in the case of 至于,就…而言, in case of(conj.)万一

⑧这里是关系代词 as 引导的定语从句,该从句中又含有 who 引导的定语从句

 

第二段词汇解析

①embarrassed = shy, be ashamed of。

②before 引导的时间状语从句, return 的逻辑主语与主句的 he 保持一致,所以原句=Before he returned home。

③discovered = found out

④she never will=she will never discover,省略句中, never 放到助动词之前。

⑤status = social position 地位,身份。 辨析: stature,身高、水平; statute,法令、法规;

 

Notes 学习笔记

词组归纳(第 4 课)

1.manual work

2.far more … than

3.human nature

4.be willing to do sth.

5.give rise to

6.in the case of

7.take a shower

8.keep one’s secret

顶一下

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