新概念英语第三册第3课课文和听力:An unknown goddess无名女神

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Lesson 3 An unknown goddess无名女神
Listen to the tape then answer the question below.
听录音,然后回答以下问题。
How did the archaeologists know that the statue was a goddess?
Some time ago, and interesting discovery was made by archaeologists on the Aegean island of Kea. An American team explored a temple which stands in an ancient city on the promontory of Ayia Irini. The city at one time must have been prosperous, for it enjoyed a high level of civilization. Houses -- often three storeys high -- were built of stone. They had large rooms with beautifully decorated walls. The city was equipped with a drainage system, for a great many clay pipes were found beneath the narrow streets.
The temple which the archaeologists explored was used as a place of worship from the fifteenth century B.C. until Roman times. In the most sacred room of temple, clay fragments of fifteen statues were found. Each of these represented a goddess and had, at one time, been painted. The body of one statue was found among remains dating from the fifteenth century B.C. It's missing head happened to be among remains of the fifth century B.C. This head must have been found in Classical times and carefully preserved. It was very old and precious even then. When the archaeologists reconstructed the fragments, they were amazed to find that the goddess turned out to be a very modern-looking woman. She stood three feet high and her hands rested on her hips. She was wearing a full-length skirt which swept the ground. Despite her great age, she was very graceful indeed, but, so far, the archaeologists have been unable to discover her identity.

New words and expressions 生词和短语
goddess(tile)
n. 女神
archaeologist
n. 考古学家
Aegean
adj. 爱玲海的
explore
v. 考察,勘探
promontory
n. 海角
prosperous
adj. (经济上)繁荣的,昌盛的
civilization
n. 文明
storey
n. 楼层
drainage
n. 排水
worship
n. 祟拜
sacred
adj. 宗教的,神圣的
fragment
n. 碎片
remains
n. 遗物,遗迹,废墟
classical
adj. (希腊和罗马)古化的
reconstruct
v. 修复
rest
v. 倚放,放置
hip
n. 屁股,臀部
full-length
adj. (裙衣)拖地长的
graceful
adj. 优雅的
identity

n. 身份

第一段词汇解析

①explored = examined。

②ancient = very old。

③prosperous = wealthy, booming,flourishing。

④storeys = floors。

⑤beneath = under。

⑥for 引导原因状语从句,对主句附加说明, because 强调原因。

 

第二段词汇解析

①sacred = holy, solemn, divine。

②fragments = pieces。

③remains = surviving pieces。

④这里 B.C.的第二个点与句号合并,为了避免误以为是从句,用括号标出一个不必标出的句号,下同。 ⑤英语中表示惊讶的词语强弱程度如下:弱 surprised, astonished,amazed, astounded 强。

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